Highway Lanes for High-Occupancy Vehicles (HOV Lane)

California Vehicle Code (CVC) § 21655.9

Officer issuing Highway Lanes for High-Occupancy Vehicles (HOV Lane) in California

A Highway Lanes for High-Occupancy Vehicles (HOV Lane) ticket will cost you $490 in fines plus $1,000+ in insurance hikes and penalties.

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California Vehicle Code Section 21655.9—Preferential Use of Highway Lanes for High-Occupancy Vehicles

California Vehicle Code Section 21655.9 refers to use of the commuter or car pool lanes for high occupancy vehicles (HOV). HOV lanes are reserved during certain hours for high traffic highways with at least one passenger or in some cases at least 2 passengers to be used during peak commuting hours.

If you are caught using these lanes and do not have the requisite number of passengers, you are in violation of CVC Section 21655.9. Fines are steep—$490 plus administrative fees. If you received a citation immediately call Ticket Snipers and talk one of our traffic ticket experts about how to dismiss your case.

Who Can Use the HOV Lanes?

During commute hours, HOV lanes may also be used by motorcyclists who do not need a passenger to be able to access the lanes. Buses and para-transit vehicles are exempt as well. This does not include school buses, charter or sightseeing buses that must have the requisite number of passengers to use the lanes during the commute hours.

Vehicles that are low emission or electric may also use HOV lanes. The DMV will issue white or green CAV decals to hybrid, electric or other vehicles that are these emission type vehicles pursuant to Section 5205.5:

  • ILEV (federal low-emission vehicle
  • SULEV (super ultra low emission vehicle)
  • ZEV ( zero emission vehicle)
  • TZEV (transition zero emission vehicle)
  • Enhanced AT PZEV (enhanced advanced technology partial zero emission vehicle)

If your vehicle has any of these decals, then you are permitted to drive solo in the HOV lanes at any time. Of course, emergency vehicles are always permitted in these lanes as well.

Risk of a Misdemeanor Charge

A violation of CVC 21655.9 is an infraction. It is not considered a moving violation in most cases so that you will not receive a point on your driving record. However, if you do cross a double yellow line when entering or exiting an HOV lane, it is considered a moving violation and you will receive a point.

CVC 21655.9(c), however, refers to a more serious violation. This states:

“(c) A person shall not operate or own a vehicle displaying a decal, label, or other identifier, as described in Section 5205.5, if that decal, label, or identifier was not used for that vehicle pursuant to Section 5205.5. A violation of this subdivision is a misdemeanor.”

In other word, you were using a decal or label issued for a vehicle that fits the emission standards under Section 5055.5 on a vehicle that was not issued the decal or label. If you were stopped by a police officer for violating a traffic code section or for any other valid reason, the officer could check to see if your decal was issued to your vehicle.

A misdemeanor conviction under this subdivision carries these penalties:

  • Summary or informal probation
  • County jail time up to 6-months
  • And/or a fine up to $1000

Can You Defend a CVC 21655.9 Violation?

There are defenses to any violation. It is fairly straightforward regarding a violation of this section since you either had the required number of passengers in your car or not while traveling in the HOV lane during the posted commute or car pool hours or whether your vehicle displayed the proper decal or label issued for that vehicle.

However, there are technicalities and loopholes that a trained and experienced Ticket Snipers expert can spot that are often overlooked by other traffic ticket lawyers or by commuters who are trying to defend themselves. In some situations, there are no posted signs or they have been obscured so that commuters are confused by what is the required number of passengers or by the HOV hours.

If you try to defend a traffic ticket by yourself, the process will be:

  • Post bail in the amount of the ticket
  • Appear in court to enter a plea
  • If not guilty, you will receive a trial date
  • Appear at the trial
  • Cross-examine the police officer if you wish
  • Present your defense

In most cases, your version will not overrule or be considered more credible than the one offered by the officer. You can hope that the officer will not appear so that your case will be dismissed but in some instances the court will allow a continuance.

If you are found guilty, your bail is forfeited. In addition to the $490 fine, there are administrative and court costs that can force you to pay upwards of $1000.

Call Ticket Snipers for the best opportunity for you to receive a favorable outcome in your case.